Essay Rhetorical Mode

Generally speaking, the "essay types" you mention all fit within the expository rhetorical mode. The exceptions would be narrative and descriptive which are modes in and of themselves.

Pathos, ethos, logos are terms that apply to persuasive (or argumentative) writing. Pathos are generally referred to as appeals to emotion, ethos are appeals to ethics or judgement, and logos are appeals to logic. Effective persuasive writing may use one or more than one of these three...

Generally speaking, the "essay types" you mention all fit within the expository rhetorical mode. The exceptions would be narrative and descriptive which are modes in and of themselves.

Pathos, ethos, logos are terms that apply to persuasive (or argumentative) writing. Pathos are generally referred to as appeals to emotion, ethos are appeals to ethics or judgement, and logos are appeals to logic. Effective persuasive writing may use one or more than one of these three types of appeals to convince the reader.

However, it is important to remember that good writing often will shift among modes. For example, an essay might begin with a personal anecdote written in the narrative mode to catch the reader's attention, might then shift into expository mode to provide background on the topic, and then shift again into the persuasive mode to convince the reader of a possible solution. Good writing can rarely be pigeon-holed into one and only one mode. Much more effective is to consider the audience, purpose, and context of a piece of writing.

Rhetorical modes (also known as modes of discourse) describe the variety, conventions, and purposes of the major kinds of language-based communication, particularly writing and speaking. Four of the most common rhetorical modes and their purpose are narration, description, exposition, and argumentation.

Narration[edit]

Further information: Exposition (narrative)

The purpose of narration is to tell a story or narrate an event or series of events. This writing mode frequently uses the tools of descriptive writing. Narration is an especially useful tool for sequencing or putting details and information into some kind of logical order, usually chronological. Working with narration helps us see clear sequences separate from all other mental functions. Examples include:

Description[edit]

The purpose of description is to re-create, invent, or visually present a person, place, event, or action so that the reader can picture that which is being described. Descriptive writing can be found in the other rhetorical modes. Examples include:

Exposition[edit]

Expository writing is a type of writing where the purpose is to explain, inform, or even describe.[2] It is considered to be one of the four most common rhetorical modes.[3]

The purpose of expository writing is to explain and analyze information by presenting an idea, relevant evidence, and appropriate discussion. In narrative contexts (such as history and fiction), exposition provides background information to teach or entertain. In other nonfiction contexts (such as technical communication), the purpose is to teach and inform. Examples include:

Argumentation[edit]

The purpose of argumentation (also called persuasive writing) is to prove the validity of an idea, or point of view, by presenting sound reasoning, discussion, and argument to thoroughly convince the reader. Persuasive writing/Persuasion is a type of argumentation with the additional aim to urge the reader to take some form of action. Examples include:

Another form of persuasive rhetoric is satirical rhetoric, or using humor in order to make a point about some aspect of life or society. Perhaps the most famous example is Jonathan Swift's "A Modest Proposal".

Fiction-writing modes[edit]

Each fiction-writing mode has its own purposes and conventions. Agent and author Evan Marshall identifies five fiction-writing modes: action, summary, dialogue, feelings/thoughts, and background.[4] Author and writing-instructor Jessica Page Morrell lists six delivery modes for fiction-writing: action, exposition, description, dialogue, summary, and transition.[5] Author Peter Selgin refers to methods, including action, dialogue, thoughts, summary, scene, and description.[6]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  • Rozakis, Laurie E (2003), Complete Idiot's Guide to Grammar and Style, Penguin, p. 271, ISBN 1-59257-115-8, retrieved 24 September 2014 
  • Marshall, E (1998), The Marshall Plan for Novel Writing, Cincinnati, OH: Writer's Digest Books, pp. 143–165, ISBN 1-58297-062-9 
  • Morrell, JP (2006), Between the Lines: Master the Subtle Elements of Fiction Writing, Cincinnati, OH: Writer's Digest Books, p. 127, ISBN 978-1-58297-393-7 
  • Selgin, P (2007), By Cunning & Craft: Sound Advice and Practical Wisdom for fiction writers, Cincinnati, OH: Writer's Digest Books, p. 38, ISBN 978-1-58297-491-0 

External links[edit]

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