Essay No. 01
Diwali- The Festival of Light
India is famous for her festivals. Different countries have different festivals. Christians have Easter and Christmas Day as their festivals. Id-ul-Fitr. Id-ul-Zuha, Shabraat and Moharram are the important festivals of the Muslims. The Hindus celebrate Holi, Dewali and Dussherea festivals with joy. But Dwewali is the most important of their festivals. It comes off in the last week of October or in the first week of Nov. People say that on this day Shri Ram Chandraji returned to Ayodhya with Sita and Lakshman after winning victory over Ravana. People of Ayodhya rejoiced over this happy occasion. They illuminated their houses etc. Dewali is a festivalof lights, feasts, presents and greetings. It is celebrated all over India with enthusiasm.
A few weeks before Dewali people start preparations for it. They white wash their houses and paint the doors and windows. New clothes are ordered for the whole family. Halwais, toy makers and traders in wax candles and crackers have a very busy time. They display their goods for sale in their shops or on the pavements. People start purchasing these things two or three days before Dewali.
On the day of Dewali people put on new clothes. They decorate their homes for the “Pooja” of Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth. They purchase sweets, utensils, toys, wax candles and earthen lamps. Children ask their parents to buy crackers and phuljharies. There is a great hustle and bustle in the bazaars. All the shops are tastefully decorated. Halwais have put up shaminas before their members of the family sit together. They in the evening members of the family sit together. They offer their prayers to the goddess Lakshmi. Candles and earthen lamps re lighted on the house tops, verandahs and gates. Rows of lighted lamps on the buildings present a beautiful scene. People visit relatives and friends. It is a wrong belief. Gambling is a very bad habit. It should never form a part of the Dewali festival.
Businessmen start new account books on Dewali. They keep themselves awake throughout the night. They invoke the goddess Laskhmi to pour favor on them. Thus Dewali is the most important festival of the Hindus.
Essay No. 2
The festivals play a very important role in the life or the Indian people. India is a land, where fairs and festivals are held very frequently during the year. They occupy an important place in religious and social life of the people. There are four biggest festivals of the Hindus. Diwali is one of them. The other three are the Raksha Bandhan, the Dusshera and the Holi.
Diwali is the most excellent festival of all the Hindu festivals. It is celebrated on the 15th of Kartik month every year in all the parts of India. Though it is really the festival of year in all the parts of India. Though it is really the festival of the Vaishyas, it is celebrated by all. It is a festival of happiness and pleasure. The world “Diwali” is a corruption of the Sanskrit word “Deepawali” which means a row of light. Different views and opinions are given about the origin of this festival. Some say that on this day Shri Ram Chandraji returned to Ayodhya after that on this day Shri Ram Chandraji returned to Ayodhya after defeating Ravana the king of Lanka. In order to welcome him the houses and streets were illuminated.
The children are very happy on this day. They get holidays form the schools the schools. Great preparation are made. The women prepare many kind of sweets and other food articles. People buy small clay cups called Devas. In the evening these cups are filled with mustard oil and lighted. These cups are put on the walls or on bamboo frames in rows at small distance. The whole house becomes bright with lights. In cities and towns electric bulbs are lighted. Everything looks bright and beautiful. Some people make paper candles and hang them from the ceiling of the houses and trees. They look very beautiful.
Thus all the houses and the whole market look very bright and charming. The sweet shops are the most charming. The sweets are put in an attractive manner. Everybody lets off parched paddy. People worship the Goddess Laxmi and offer sweets to her. The prasad is given to children and other people. The traders worship their Bahis and pray to Goddess Laxmi to bring them good luck all the year round.
The children are the happiest. They enjoy sweets and fireworks. They light these fireworks of different kinds. They enjoy the flying sparks and the bright coloured lights. They have a great liberty to do so.
This festival is useful in many ways. It comes after rainy season. So the mosquitoes and other dirty things are removed in white- washing. The old houses are repaired. In this way all the dirt and dust of the whole year is removed and are renewed. The businessmen close their old accounts and open new ones.
This festival is not free evils. People gamble on the night of this festival. They believe that if anybody wins this night, he will be fortunate all the year round. In this way in trying their luck they are ruined. So this evil should be checked and we should celebrate this festival with mirth and joy. The second evil is that people waste their money on fireworks. Sometimes people and children are hurt and burnt. This should also be checked.
Diwali is really the festival of pleasure and happiness. No other festival is celebrated with so much joy as this. It brings new hopes and aspirations. We hope that Diwali should come every year with greater happiness.
Essay No. 03
Diwali is perhaps the most famous festival of India. It comes off twenty days after Dussehra. It occurs mostly towards the end of October or in November.
On the day of Diwali, Lord Rama returned home after killing the cruel demon king Ravana. Then the people of Ayodhya illuminated their houses. It is since then that Diwali is celebrated all over India with great pomp and show.
Many days before Diwali, people get their houses whitewashed. On the day of Diwali, they wear new clothes. Particularly, the children-are fond of new clothes.
People distribute and exchange sweets. The markets and bazaars are tastefully decorated. At night, the houses are illuminated with electric and earthen ware lamps and candles.
On this day, the businessmen start new account books. Some people indulge in drinking and gambling. That is very bad.
Diwali is an important day for people of all communities in India for one reason or the other. On this day people of all communities greet each other and exchange sweets with each other. People worship goddess Lakshmi at night. Many people fire crackers. That should be avoided as crackers pollute the atmosphere. If children insist on firing crackers, their parents must stand close to them to avoid any accident.
Diwali can be very helpful in bringing about national integration. People of all communities should join hands to change Diwali into a national festival, as in fact, it is not the festival of just one community.
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Short Essay on 'Diwali' or 'Deepawali' in Hindi | 'Diwali' par Nibandh (150 Words)Short Essay on 'Diwali' or 'Deepawali' in Hindi | 'Diwali' par Nibandh (150 Words)
'दीवाली' हिन्दुओं का प्रसिद्ध त्यौहार है। दीवाली को 'दीपावली' भी कहते हैं। 'दीपावली' का अर्थ होता है - 'दीपों की माला या कड़ी'।
दीवाली प्रकाश का त्यौहार है। यह हिन्दू कैलेंडर के अनुसार कार्तिक माह की अमावस्या को मनाई जाती है। दीवाली में लगभग सभी घर एवं रास्ते दीपक एवं प्रकाश से रोशन किये जाते हैं।
दीवाली का त्यौहार मनाने का प्रमुख कारण है कि इस दिन भगवान् राम, अपनी पत्नी सीता एवं अपने भाई लक्ष्मण के साथ 14 वर्ष का वनवास बिताकर अयोध्या लौटे थे। उनके स्वागत में अयोध्यावासियों ने दिये जलाकर प्रकाशोत्सव मनाया था। इसी कारण इसे 'प्रकाश के त्यौहार' के रूप में मनाते हैं।
दीवाली के दिन सभी लोग खुशी मनाते हैं एवं एक-दूसरे को बधाईयाँ देते हैं। बच्चे खिलौने एवं पटाखे खरीदते हैं। दुकानों एवं मकानों की सफाई की जाती है एवं रंग पुताई इत्यादि की जाती है। रात्रि में लोग धन की देवी 'लक्ष्मी' की पूजा करते हैं।