Graph Report Essay

Reproducing Figures and Tables

Reproducing happens when you copy or recreate a photo, image, chart, graph, or table that is not your original creation. If you reproduce one of these works in your assignment, you must create a note (or "caption") underneath the photo, image, chart, graph, or table to show where you found it. If you do not refer to it anywhere else in your assignment, you do not have to include the citation for this source in a Works Cited list.

Citing Information From a Photo, Image, Chart, Graph, or Table

If you refer to information from the photo, image, chart, graph, or table but do not reproduce it in your paper, create a citation both in-text and on your Works Cited list. 

If the information is part of another format, for example a book, magazine article, encyclopedia, etc., cite the work it came from. For example if information came from a table in an article in National Geographic magazine, you would cite the entire magazine article.

Figure Numbers

The word figure should be abbreviated to Fig. Each figure should be assigned a figure number, starting with number 1 for the first figure used in the assignment. E.g., Fig. 1.


Images may not have a set title. If this is the case give a description of the image where you would normally put the title.

Using graphs, diagrams and images

Sometimes words aren't the most effective way to communicate. Using graphs, diagrams and charts can help your reader to get a clearer picture of your research findings and how they compare with other data.

Layout, labelling and referencing

All graphs, charts, drawings, diagrams and photographs should be numbered consecutively as Figures according to where they come in the text (e.g. Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3 etc). All tables should be numbered using a separate sequence (e.g. Table 1, Table 2 etc).

Make sure all your images are large enough, and of a high enough quality, to be read easily and that they are labelled clearly to explain what they show.

Remember: You will need to reference any diagrams and photos you use if they are not your own work.


Tables are useful when you need to present a quantity of numerical data in an accessible format and you need to show exact numbers.

Line graphs are especially effective at showing trends (how data changes over time) and relationships (how two variables interact).
Bar charts/graphs are good when you want to compare discrete items. The bars can be vertical or horizontal. Making them different colours can help the reader to differentiate each result.. 
Pie charts show the proportion of the whole that is taken by various parts.  
Drawings and diagrams can be used to reinforce or supplement textual information, or where something is more clearly shown in diagrammatic form. 

 hhhBy Eric Pierce

Photographs can be useful as illustrations that help to explain what is being discussed in the text. 

 By K Kiser

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