Rise Of Hitler Essay Higher History Essay

Essay about Adolf Hitler: Leader of the Nazi Party

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Adolph Hitler, the leader of the Nazi party, rose to power in the mid 1920s. He was a gifted speaker and very much anti-semitic. When he started his political career, he was really a nobody. Through a series of fortunate coincidences he caught the eye of the powers that be in the party. He was a powerful speaker and was able to recuit a lot of new members to the party. He was such an asset that he was able to force himself higher and higher up in the organization or he threatned to leave the party. The leaders knew that if he left the party, the Nazi party would crumble. in 1933 he was named Chancellor of the party and from there on he was able to manipulate the system to become a dictator with complete control.

Hitler's anti-semetic…show more content…

Adolph Hitler, the leader of the Nazi party, rose to power in the mid 1920s. He was a gifted speaker and very much anti-semitic. When he started his political career, he was really a nobody. Through a series of fortunate coincidences he caught the eye of the powers that be in the party. He was a powerful speaker and was able to recuit a lot of new members to the party. He was such an asset that he was able to force himself higher and higher up in the organization or he threatned to leave the party. The leaders knew that if he left the party, the Nazi party would crumble. in 1933 he was named Chancellor of the party and from there on he was able to manipulate the system to become a dictator with complete control.

Hitler's anti-semetic led to his desire to annihilate all jews which is what led to the Holocaust. He described the jews as racially undesirables and that he would not rest until every last jew was eliminated from Germany leaving only a Master Aryan Race. The Holocaust consisted of rounding up lews who had at least three of four grandparents that were jewish. The Nazi's put them in concentration camps where they were forced to work if they were able to or they were killed. As many as six million jewish people were killed during the Holocaust.

Hitler was upset that Germany had surrendered at the end of World War I and vowed to bring Germany back from such humiliation, starting in 1938 he invaded Austria and Czechoslovakia. In 1940 he formed a partnership with

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The Weimar Republic

After World War I, the German ruler, Kaiser William I, abdicated and fled to Holland. The democracy that governed Germany in his absence met at the town of Weimar. It became known as the Weimar Republic. The Republic was weak from the beginning.

Treaty of Versailles

The Weimar republic was associated with failure in WWI since it had signed the Treaty of Versailles that had ended the war. Many nationalists believed the republic had sold Germany out to its enemies by ending the war too early. The treaty took territory from Germany and left the country facing crippling compensation claims. The limitations it placed on Germany's armed forces, and especially the War Guilt Clause that blamed Germany and her allies for starting the war, left many Germans feeling humiliated. For these reasons it was deeply unpopular.

Economic

  • The Republic failed to pay full reparations to France so the French invaded the Ruhr region of Germany and took control of key industries and natural resources. This worsened the economic crisis in Germany.
  • The inflation rate rose so dramatically that the German currency lost virtually all value. Paper money was as good as worthless. This caused many people, especially in the middle classes to fall into poverty. Many never trusted the Republic again.
  • In 1924 the crisis was brought to an end by the Dawes Plan, which restored the value of the currency. One result of this was go make the German economy dependent on loans from America. When the American Stock Exchange (Wall Street) crashed in 1929, this left the struggling German economy in chaos. Industries failed and unemployment rose to 6 million. Social unrest followed, as people starved.

Political

  • There was no tradition of parliamentary democracy so there was no general support for the new republic.
  • The ruling Social Democrats were linked to Versailles and nicknamed the 'November criminals' (the armistice to end the war was signed in November 1918). As such they were not trusted by the general public.
  • Parliament was elected through a system of proportional representation. This meant there was no overall majority and the country was run by coalitions. The result was unstable governments and public suspicion of deals between parties.
  • From 1919 to 1922, the republic came under attack from both left and right wing factions who demanded radical reforms. This spilled over into violence and unrest between the two rival camps. The government could not control the situation.

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