Essay on Why the Us Should Have Dropped the Atomic Bombs on Japan
1655 WordsOct 23rd, 20127 Pages
Should the USA have used the atomic bomb on Japan in 1945?
1945 began as a year of increasing tensions between countries as the war extended onto its sixth year. Military groups of the various countries involved were now beginning to seriously consider the conclusion of the war in terms of how the global ceasefire would be carried out and frankly, who would win. After the defeat of the Axis Powers in Europe, the focus had been turned towards the war in Asia and the Pacific Regions in which the Allied Forces of Great Britain, Australia and the USA were in conflict with the Axis power of Japan and her partners. Following the urge to end the war, the ‘Big Three’ made up of the three leaders of the major Allied Forces; Churchill, Stalin and…show more content…
It was predicted that the invasion of the Japanese mainland at the Island of Kyushu, scheduled for November of 1945, would be even worse. The entire Japanese military and civilian population would fight to the death. American casualties for just the initial invasion to get a foothold on the island of Japan would have taken up to an estimated two months and would have resulted in up to 75,000 to 100,000 casualties and potentially up to 20,000 dead. And that was just to secure the beginning of the invasion. "If we were to go ahead with the plans for a conventional invasion with ground and naval forces, I believe the Japanese thought that they could inflict very heavy casualties on us and possibly as a result get better surrender terms.” said General Carl Spaatz who was in charge of the Air Force operations in the Pacific. He expresses in his words that he strongly believes that the Japanese knew they had a good chance of overcoming this invasion due to their potential to cause mass destruction in terms of outnumbering the American troops. Thus, due to the undesirable costs the alternative of invasion presented, the USA was justified in using the atomic bomb on Japan as the more ideal alternative.
After the dropping of the second bomb on Nagasaki on August 9 1945, Emperor Hirohito announced the surrender of
Atomic Bombing in Hiroshima and Nagasaki
An atomic bombing in Hiroshima and Nagasaki is a historical event that will forever remain a mystery to the Japanese people. August 6th, 1945 is the day that the United States of America used a colossal atomic bombing attack against Japan in Hiroshima. The bomb was equivalent to twenty thousand tons of TNT. The attack flattened Hiroshima city and thousands of the Japanese people died in that horrible event. Before the Japanese could comprehend what had happened, the US made another massive attack on Nagasaki.
Enola Gay will forever be remembered in that event. It was a B-29 bomber that was used by the US to carry out the horrible massacre. There were twelve men on board who ensured that the mission run smoothly. The aircraft had been modified in order to accommodate such a huge atomic bombing. It had stronger engines and newly modified propellers. It was escorted by two bombers which had numerous measuring devices.
Initially, the US had four target cities to choose from; Niiigita, Kokura, Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Henry L. Stimson, the secretary of War in the US by that time had chosen Kyoto. However, the committee argued that it was important to choose the cities which had been untouched during the war. The administration of the United States decided that Hiroshima and Negasaki were the best target cities. The reasons for launching the attacks were Japan to surrender to America as fast as possible in order to reduce the US casualties and to develop the US dominance globally. Scholars have established that the US had to use the atomic bomb ahead of Soviet Union’s attack on Japan.
At exactly 8:15 a.m., the bomb exploded. The entire city was destroyed within few minutes. It is estimated that out of 350, 000 people who hailed in Hiroshima city, about 70,000 died on the spot. Takaki (1995) contend that approximately 70, 000 people also died due to radiation within 5 years. Expert says that about 85% of the buildings in Hiroshima were entirely destroyed. Similar impacts prevailed in Nagasaki, however, the impact was lesser compared to Hiroshima. It is estimated that the number of those who died in Nagasaki ranged between 40,000 and 95,000. Currently, Hiroshima city attracts numerous people from around the globe to join in making paper cranes in remembrance of those who died in the two cities.
In conclusion, the US attack on Hiroshima and Nagasaki has enormous. The impacts of the bombing were devastating. This is an event that will forever remain in the history of Japan.